Between the Ottoman Empire and Modern Greece. Journeys of Paul the Apostle. Beit Hatfutsot Open Databases Project. The Great Thessaloniki Fire of was a disaster for the community. Jewish Museum of Thessaloniki. We were both survivors of the camps. They imported technology from Spain where this craft was highly developed.

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By the late ‘s, Salonika had grown to be much larger and more prosperous than Athens, and a target of Greek conquest. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website More Info. zalonika


Damage from the Thessaloniki fire, poor economic conditions, rise in walonika among a segment of the population, and the development of Zionism all motivated the departure of part of the city’s Jewish population. In the following centuries, the native Romaniote community was joined by some Italian and Ashkenazi Jews.

Retrieved 20 April The American Farm School also has an important contribution in food production. Most of the old center of the city was destroyed by the Great Thessaloniki Fire ofwhich was started accidentally by an unattended kitchen fire on 18 August Between the Ottoman Empire and Modern Greece.

Salonika Campaign Society

Thessaloniki passed out of Byzantine hands in[70] when Constantinople was captured by the forces of the Fourth Crusade and incorporated the city and its surrounding territories in the Kingdom of Thessalonica [71] — which then became the largest vassal of the Latin Empire. Salonikz described a strong patriotic sense among them, writing that their ability to survive in the camps was partly explained by the fact that “they salonikw among the cohesive of the national groups, and from this point of view the most advanced”.


Retrieved 21 February Theodore Gaza, one of these exiles, escaped from Saloniki, his native city, upon its capture by Amurath. This idea was fueled both by the economic decline of Szlonika and the continued growth in Kabbalistic studies based on the Zohar booming in Salonican yeshivot. Venizelist Greek governments themselves largely adopted an ambivalent attitude, pursuing a policy of engagement while not distancing themselves unequivocally from the current of antisemitism.

Another popular snack is koulouri. Thessaloniki is renowned for its major shopping streets and lively laneways. Many of its architectural treasures still remain, adding value to the city as a tourist destination, while several early Christian and Byzantine monuments of Thessaloniki were added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in A History of the Late Medieval Siege, They traded with the rest of the Ottoman Empire, and the countries of Latin Venice and Genoaand with all the Jewish communities scattered throughout the Mediterranean.

The European Court of Justice dismissed this petition. The Jewish Annotated New Testament. During this period, and since the 14th century, Thessaloniki’s Jewish element was the most dominant; it was the only city in Europe where the Jews were a majority of the total population. Induring World War Ia large Allied expeditionary force established a base at Thessaloniki for operations against pro-German Bulgaria.


Thessaloniki – Wikipedia

Aristotle University and University of Macedonia. Retrieved 18 April At the same time, the working-class poor of the Jewish community had joined forces with their Christian counterparts in the labor movement that developed in the s, often the target of suppression during Metaxas’ regime.

An Arab naval attack in resulted in the sack of the city. These experiments included emasculation and implantation of cervical cancer in women.

Under the kingdom of Macedonia the city retained its own autonomy and parliament [39] and evolved to become the most important city in Macedonia. Their economic power became so great that the shipping and businesses stopped on Saturday Shabbat —the Jewish sabbath. Retrieved 18 February Archived from the original on 19 December Archived from the aalonika on 9 April The Jews of the city, and especially the Sephardishad a long and notable musical tradition with its roots in the medieval Andalusia.

Retrieved 25 August The Port of Thessaloniki connects the saolnika with seasonal ferries to the Sporades and other north Aegean islands, with its passenger terminalbeing one of the largest in the Aegean Sea basin; having handled aroundpassengers in